This is a stub, please help expand.
Cheap medical technologies
Competition among care providers
Free software in medical devices and systems
Increase security, decrease bad incentives, lock-in, and cost
For example, on aging as a disease.
Increase physical activity
Increase primary care
The Heroism of Incremental Care contrasts generalist (low paid) long-term and incremental care with highly paid invasive specialist interventions, but the contrast could also be made with high-priced drugs.
Correcting problems briefly described in Informed Patient? Don’t Bet On It relates to several other interventions mentioned here – informed patients (and processes triggered by needing to inform them) might help prevent use of unnecessary tests and treatment and reallocate wasteful health care spending. One of the benefits of increasing primary care seems to be better communication with patients.
More cooperation among regulators
Effectively increasing resources, see more resources for regulators below.
More would-be competent doctors want to be doctors than are able to due to guild-like restrictions. Makes medical care more expensive (a negative tradeoff for everything else) and directly impacts primary care availability and physician fatigue.
More resources for regulators
The US FDA can increase costs by imposing delays, but better resourced regulators could do more to ensure efficacy and efficiency.
Open access medical literature
Responsible for much of increased life expectancy over last century, though public opinion thinks 80% attributable to medical technology. Mentioned at end of When Evidence Says No, but Doctors Say Yes, more specific references needed.
Traffic fatalities in the US alone about 40k/year, much lower per population in much of west, much higher in some other parts of the world. Easily improved by lowering traffic speeds, favoring pedestrians. Could be nearly eliminated by banning human drivers.
Various anti-crime interventions, don’t start wars.
Prevent use of unnecessary tests and treatment
Many tests and treatments don’t have good evidence, have been disproven, or have more net harm than benefit. See the Right Care Alliance and Right Care Declaration and Producing the right health care: Reducing low-value care and adverse events.
Reduce medical error
Medical error is the third leading cause of death in the US at 250k deaths/year, and that is probably an underestimate.
Reduce physician fatigue
Blog post Fatigued Physicians Make Mistakes and Harm Patients has references. Would reduce medical error, at least.
Reallocate wasteful health care spending
Stop intimidation of health researchers
Drug and other vendors file lawsuits against researchers.
Stop vendor kickbacks
In some cases intermediary purchasers (such as Group Purchasing Organizations; ex) make their fees from vendors, resulting in a system of effective kickbacks which blocks entry from innovative vendors.
Tax drug ads
Tax sin, stop subsidizing sin
For example, sugar.
Such as subsidized housing may have larger positive health outcome impacts than direct spending on healthcare.
Environments that encourage people to use their own bodies to move produce better health indicators.